Wednesday, November 15, 2023

Lesson 243 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), objective complements (oc), conjunctions (c), and verbals in the following sentences.
If the word is a verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, verbals, or verbal phrases then tell what word they modify.
The actors performed there to entertain and to be seen.
(performed - v; actors - subj; the - adj modifying actors; there - adv modifying performed; to entertain/to be seen - vbl (adv infinitives) modifying performed; and - c)

1. Blaming others is a coward's way to feel better.

2. We do not plan to change the landscape.

3. Keeping his promise, Jim was there to help.

4. I am too old to learn to ski.

5. One way to lose weight is to exercise.

--For answers scroll down.


1. is - v; blaming others - gerund phrase used as subject; blaming - vbl (gerund); others - do to blaming; way - pn; a/coward's - adj modifying way; to feel - vbl (adv infinitive); to feel better - adj infinitive phrase modifying way; better - pa modifying to feel

2. do plan - v; we - subj; not - adv modifying do plan; to change - vbl (noun infinitive); to change the landscape - noun infinitive phrase used as a direct object; landscape - do to to change; the - adj modifying landscape

3. was - v; Jim - subj; keeping - vbl (participle); keeping his promise - participial phrase modifying Jim; promise - do to keeping; his - adj modifying promise; there - adv modifying was; to help - vbl
(adverb infinitive) modifying was

4. am - v; I - subj; old - pa modifying am; too - adv modifying old; to learn - vbl (adv infinitive); to learn to ski - adverb infinitive phrase modifying old; to ski - vbl (noun infinitive) used as the direct
object to to learn

5. is - v; way - subj; one - adj modifying way; to lose - vbl (adj infinitive); to lose weight - adj infinite phrase modifying way; weight - do to to lose; to exercise - vbl (noun infinitive) used as the predicate nominative

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