Friday, February 15, 2019

Lesson 130 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

You can make one smooth sentence from two short, choppy sentences by using an appositive. Example: Ila won the prize. It was a trip to Hawaii. Ila won the prize, a trip to Hawaii.

Instructions: Combine the following sentences by using an appositive.

1. Sonja sits beside me in English class. She is a girl from Poland.

2. On the deck are many plants. They are very colorful flowers.

3. There goes David. He is the owner of many businesses.

4. For dinner we had my favorite desserts. We had strawberry pie and cherry nut cake.

5. Last night I talked with Leon. He is my neighbor. He is my business partner.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Sonja, a girl from Poland, sits beside me in English class.

2. On the deck are many plants, very colorful flowers. / On the deck are very colorful flowers, many plants.

3. There goes David, the owner of many businesses.

4. For dinner we had my favorite desserts, strawberry pie and cherry nut cake. / For dinner we had strawberry pie and cherry nut cake, my favorite desserts.

5. Last night I talked with Leon, my neighbor and business partner.


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Lesson 129 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

You can make one smooth sentence from two short, choppy sentences by using an appositive. Example: Ila won the prize. It was a trip to Hawaii. Ila won the prize, a trip to Hawaii.

Instructions: Combine the following sentences by using an appositive.

1. Yesterday I saw an exciting movie. It was called Goldeneye.

2. Mr. Jones will be with you shortly. He is the plant manager.

3. That woman is my neighbor. She is a well-known author.

4. Luis can do almost anything. He is a talented person.

5. Do you want to meet Barbara Jean? She is my lab assistant.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Yesterday I saw an exciting movie, Goldeneye. / Yesterday I saw Goldeneye, an exciting movie.

2. Mr. Jones, the plant manager, will be with you shortly. / The plant manager Mr. Jones will be with you shortly.

3. That woman, a well-known author, is my neighbor. / That woman is my neighbor, a well-known author.

4. Luis, a talented person, can do almost anything.

5. Do you want to meet Barbara Jean, my lab assistant? / Do you want to meet my lab assistant Barbara Jean?


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Lesson 128 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Appositives may be compound. Example: The two children, Wendy and Sam, are excellent students.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. Our leading scorer is Michael, the center and captain of the team.

2. These two students, Kay and Eric, are new to our school.

3. The doctor helped two patients, the boy with the broken leg and the girl with a burned arm.

4. Our neighbors, the Smiths and the Fehers, are moving next week.

5. James loves two games, checkers and chess.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. center/captain = appositives to predicate nominative, Michael

2. Kay/Eric = appositives to subject, students

3. boy/girl = appositives to direct objects, patients

4. Smiths/Fehers = appositives to subject, neighbors

5. checkers/chess = appositives to direct object, games


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

Lesson 127 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. My brother Bill has a cabin in the mountains.

2. Friday, my birthday, will be the thirteenth.

3. Hopping on the fence was a rare bird, the cedar waxwing.

4. This is Fred, an old roommate of mine.

5. Have you seen my car, an old Rambler.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Bill = appositive to subject, brother

2. birthday = appositive to subject, Friday

3. cedar waxwing = appositive to subject, bird

4. roommate = appositive to predicate nominative, Fred

5. Rambler = appositive to direct object, car


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, February 11, 2019

Lesson 126 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. The neighbor boys, the twins, were excellent baseball players.

2. The girl in the red dress is Sarah, our best actress.

3. Have you read Brothers, a book by Dean Hughes?

4. There goes Grant Long, the electrical contractor.

5. My friend, Matt Matson, collects lost hubcaps.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. twins = appositive to the subject, boys

2. actress = appositive to the predicate nominative, Sarah

3. book = appositive to the direct object, Brothers

4. contractor = appositive to the subject, Grant Long

5. Matt Matson = appositive to the subject, friend


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, February 9, 2019

Quiz for Lessons 121 - 125 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View quiz on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. The programs had been printed.

2. Jeff opened the door for his mother.

3. The parade began on time.

4. The weather has been very warm in November.

5. Mr. Johanson is an interesting person.

6. Winter lasts too long for me.

7. The beach was used by the entire town.

8. The apples had a sour taste.

9. Time passes rapidly during our vacation.

10. The jury made the right decision.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. had been printed - transitive passive

2. opened - transitive active

3. began - intransitive complete

4. has been - intransitive linking

5. is - intransitive linking

6. lasts - intransitive linking or intransitive complete

7. was used - transitive passive

8. had - transitive active

9. passes - intransitive complete

10. made - transitive active


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, February 8, 2019

Lesson 125 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Examples: The girl is Mary. (predicate nominative) The girl is cute. (predicate adjective) Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs. Examples: The bell rang suddenly. The girl knitted all evening. (There is no receiver of the action.) They were here. (no action or predicate nominative or predicate adjective.)

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. Father was always losing his keys.

2. The dinner was hastily prepared.

3. The strange face was seen in the window.

4. The cold man was going down the road.

5. My wife is a beautiful woman.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. was losing - transitive active

2. was prepared - transitive passive

3. was seen - transitive passive

4. was going - intransitive complete

5. is - intransitive linking


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, February 7, 2019

Lesson 124 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it. Example: The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek. The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter. The mother was kissed on the cheek. (Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)

Instructions: Transform the following transitive passive sentences into transitive active sentences by making the old subject the direct object and adding a new subject.

1. The music was practiced every day.

2. The homecoming parade has been delayed.

3. The entries must be mailed by tomorrow.

4. A solution to the problem had been sought everywhere.

5. The quilt was finally finished.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. She practiced the music everyday.

2. The accident delayed the homecoming parade.

3. You must mail the entries by tomorrow.

4. They sought a solution to the problem everywhere.

5. The women finally finished the quilt.

(Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Lesson 123 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it. Example: The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek. The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter. The mother was kissed on the cheek. (Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)

Instructions: Transform the following transitive passive sentences into transitive active sentences by taking the new subject from the prepositional phrase and making the old subject the direct object.

1. Consent was given by Rebecca.

2. The note was written by you.

3. Gunpowder was invented by the Chinese.

4. The prize was won by the last contestant.

5. The difficult role was played well by the understudy.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Rebecca gave her consent.

2. You wrote the note.

3. The Chinese invented gunpowder.

4. The last contestant won the prize.

5. The understudy played well the difficult role.

(Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Lesson 122 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it. Example: The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek. The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter. The mother was kissed on the cheek. (Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)

Instructions: Transform the following transitive active sentences into transitive passive sentences by omitting the subject.

1. She put the ribbon on the package.

2. People chew the twigs for medicinal purposes.

3. The marks easily identified the trees to cut down.

4. The neighbors enjoyed the nightly chats over the fence.

5. The class play received a standing ovation on the first night.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The ribbon was put on the package.

2. The twigs are chewed for medicinal purposes.

3. The trees to cut down were easily identified.

4. The nightly chats were enjoyed over the fence.

5. A standing ovation was received on the first night.

(Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, February 4, 2019

Lesson 121 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it. Example: The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek. The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter. The mother was kissed on the cheek. (Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)

Instructions: Transform the following transitive active sentences into transitive passive sentences by putting the subject in a prepositional phrase.

1. The whole state elects the governor.

2. Children from all countries love that game.

3. The critics reviewed the new Broadway play.

4. The pirates hid the treasure quickly.

5. Terri examined the bugs on the tree.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The governor is elected by the whole state.

2. That game is loved by children of all countries.

3. The new Broadway play was reviewed by the critics.

4. The treasure was quickly hidden by the pirates.

5. The bugs on the tree were examined by Terri.

(Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, February 2, 2019

Quiz for Lessons 116- 120 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs and Voice

View quiz on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. We started our new lessons today.

2. The game started at noon.

3. Mr. Paul is our math teacher.

4. The dog slept in the sun.

5. The cat chased our dog around the barn.

6. Ann prepared the fruit for the salad.

7. The relish tray was done by the two sisters.

8. The meal is now complete.

9. The man opened the car door for his wife.

10. There were many guests at the party.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. started - transitive active (lessons = direct object)

2. started - intransitive complete (no receiver of the action)

3. is - intransitive linking (teacher = predicate nominative)

4. slept - intransitive complete (no receiver of the action)

5. chased - transitive active (dog = direct object)

6. prepared - transitive active (fruit = direct object)

7. was done - transitive passive (tray = receiver of the action and is the subject)

8. is - intransitive linking (complete = predicate adjective)

9. opened - transitive active (door = direct object)

10. were - intransitive complete ( no action or predicate nominative or predicate adjective)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, February 1, 2019

Lesson 120 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Examples: The girl is Mary. (predicate nominative) The girl is cute. (predicate adjective) Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs. Examples: The bell rang suddenly. The girl knitted all evening. (There is no receiver of the action.) They were here. (no action or predicate nominative or predicate adjective.)

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. The radio was my favorite gift at Christmas.

2. Jay will be the winner of the most games.

3. The meal tasted wonderful to everyone.

4. The furniture should be early American style for this room.

5. Gomer Pyle's favorite expression was "Golly!".


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. was - intransitive linking (gift = predicate nominative)

2. will be - intransitive linking (winner = predicate nominative)

3. tasted - intransitive linking ( wonderful = predicate adjective)

4. should be - intransitive linking (style = predicate nominative)

5. was - intransitive linking (Golly = predicate nominative)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, January 31, 2019

Lesson 119 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Examples: The girl is Mary. (predicate nominative) The girl is cute. (predicate adjective) Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs. Examples: The bell rang suddenly. The girl knitted all evening. (There is no receiver of the action.) They were here. (no action or predicate nominative or predicate adjective.)

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. Mother looked for her lost shoes.

2. The sea waves lapped at the levy.

3. There are many desserts for the party.

4. Rebecca hunted for her baby sister.

5. Duty calls.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. looked - intransitive complete

2. lapped - intransitive complete

3. are - intransitive complete

4. hunted - intransitive complete

5. calls - intransitive complete

(None of the sentences have receivers for the action or predicate nominatives or predicate adjectives.)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.