Friday, May 14, 2021

Lesson 195 - Parts of the Sentence - Indirect Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object
 
Example: 
She gave me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to me a gift. (prepositional phrase)
 
The indirect object always modifies the verb. It may have modifiers and be compound. It is used with verbs such as give, tell, send, get, buy, show, build, do, make, save, and read
 
Example: 
She sent the man and me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to the man and to me a gift. (prepositional phrases)

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), and indirect objects (io) in the following sentences.

1. At the mall Pam bought her children two new toys.

2. Tomorrow you should send your friend a thank you card.

3. The veteran pitcher threw the rookie hitter a fast-breaking curve ball.

4. The public defender gave her client her best advice.

5. Eric showed his math teacher a problem with the question.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. bought = v; Pam = subj; toys = do; children = io modifying bought; two/new = adj modifying toys; her = adj modifying children; at the mall = p ph modifying bought; at = prep; mall = op; the = adj modifying mall

2. should send = v; you = subj; card = do; friend = io modifying should send; a/thank you = adj modifying card; your = adj modifying friend; tomorrow = adv modifying should send

3. threw = v; pitcher = subj; ball = do; hitter = io modifying threw; the/veteran = adj modifying pitcher; the/rookie = adj modifying hitter; a/fast-breaking/curve = adj modifying ball

4. gave = v; defender = subj; advice = do; client = io modifying gave; the/public =adj modifying defender; her = adj modifying client; her/best = adj modifying advice

5. showed = v; Eric = subj; problem = do; teacher = io modifying showed; his/math = adj modifying teacher; a = adj modifying problem; with the question = p ph modifying problem; with = prep; question = op; the = adj modifying question



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, May 13, 2021

Lesson 194 - Parts of the Sentence - Indirect Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object
 
Example: 
She gave me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to me a gift. (prepositional phrase)
 
The indirect object always modifies the verb. It may have modifiers and be compound. It is used with verbs such as give, tell, send, get, buy, show, build, do, make, save, and read
 
Example: 
She sent the man and me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to the man and to me a gift. (prepositional phrases)

Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences so each has an indirect object.

1. I asked an important question of my mother.

2. Grandpa read the nursery rhymes to the grandchildren.

3. She bought a new dress for herself.

4. He did a great favor for the whole town.

5. The artist showed his most famous painting to the viewers.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. I asked my mother an important question.

2. Grandpa read the grandchildren the nursery rhymes.

3. She bought herself a new dress.

4. He did the whole town a great favor.

5. The artist showed the viewers his most famous painting.



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Lesson 193 - Parts of the Sentence - Indirect Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object
 
Example: 
She gave me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to me a gift. (prepositional phrase)
 
The indirect object always modifies the verb. It may have modifiers and be compound. It is used with verbs such as give, tell, send, get, buy, show, build, do, make, save, and read
 
Example: 
She sent the man and me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to the man and to me a gift. (prepositional phrases)

Instructions: Find the verb, direct object, and indirect object in the following sentences.

1. The new manager offered Jay a higher position.

2. This spring Carl told us his plans for the summer.

3. Many jobs don't pay the employees much money.

4. Mr. Blower read the neighbor children some interesting stories about Australia.

5. Mr. Smith, my broker, sold my parents some stock yesterday.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. offered = verb; position = direct object; Jay = indirect object

2. told = verb; plans = direct object; us = indirect object

3. do pay = verb; money = direct object; employees = indirect object

4. read = verb; stories = direct object; children = indirect object

5. sold = verb; stock = direct object; parents = indirect object



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, May 11, 2021

Lesson 192 - Parts of the Sentence - Indirect Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object
 
Example: 
She gave me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to me a gift. (prepositional phrase)
 
The indirect object always modifies the verb. It may have modifiers and be compound. It is used with verbs such as give, tell, send, get, buy, show, build, do, make, save, and read
 
Example: 
She sent the man and me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to the man and to me a gift. (prepositional phrases)

Instructions: Find the verb, direct object, and indirect object in the following sentences.

1. Has Terri shown Jeanne and Barbara her new ring?

2. The new highway saved the travelers several miles.

3. Did the workers give the spies confidential information?

4. Will Jim get us tickets to the game?

5. I bought Ila and Jeff two big pieces of cake.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. Has Terri shown Jeanne and Barbara her new ring?

2. The new highway saved the travelers several miles.

3. Did the workers give the spies confidential information?

4. Will Jim get us tickets to the game?

5. I bought Ila and Jeff two big pieces of cake.



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, May 10, 2021

Lesson 191 - Parts of the Sentence - Indirect Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar

An indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object
 
Example: 
She gave me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to me a gift. (prepositional phrase)
 
The indirect object always modifies the verb. It may have modifiers and be compound. It is used with verbs such as give, tell, send, get, buy, show, build, do, make, save, and read
 
Example: 
She sent the man and me a gift. (indirect object)
She gave to the man and to me a gift. (prepositional phrases)

Instructions: Find the verb, direct object, and indirect object in the following sentences.

1. Has your boss sent you a notice about the next convention?

2. John read his tiny nephew an exciting story.

3. Our father built the family a redwood picnic table.

4. The doctor sent me a bill for his services.

5. We gave my mother a book for her birthday.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Has your boss sent you a notice about the next convention?

2. John read his tiny nephew an exciting story.

3. Our father built the family a redwood picnic table.

4. The doctor sent me a bill for his services.

5. We gave my mother a book for her birthday.



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, May 8, 2021

Quiz for Lessons 186 - 190 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View quiz on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. The woman in the green suit is Martha, our favorite neighbor.

2. Oh, Grant, there is no electricity in our house now.

3. The racer ran past in a big hurry.

4. The river past our house winds down into a steep valley.

5. Come in and don't stand outside in the cold.

6. The rookie basketball player was caught off his guard.

7. The mythology stories are well-known and exciting.

8. That old shoe is well-worn and completely worthless.

9. Will you climb up the ladder and through the window and open the door for me?

10. These sentences with more concepts are becoming longer and harder.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. is = v; woman = subj; Martha = pn; neighbor = app; the = adj modifying woman; our/favorite = adj modifying neighbor; in a green suit = p ph modifying woman; in = prep; suit = op; a/green = adj modifying suit

2. is = v; electricity = subj; Grant = na; no = adj modifying electricity; now = adv modifying is; in our house = p ph modifying electricity or is; in = prep; house = op; our = adj modifying house; (oh = interjection; there = introductory there)

3. ran = v; racer = subj; the = adj modifying racer; past = adv modifying ran; in a big hurry = p ph modifying ran; in = prep; hurry = op; a/big = adj modifying hurry

4. winds = v; river = subj; the = adj modifying river; down = adv modifying winds; past our house modifying river/into a steep valley modifying winds = p ph; past/into = prep; house/valley = op; our = adj modifying house; a/steep = adj modifying valley

5. come/do stand = v; you (understood) = subj; in = adv modifying come; n't/outside = adv modifying do stand; in the cold = p ph modifying do stand; in = prep; cold = op; the = adj modifying cold

6. was caught = v; player = subj; the/rookie/basketball = adj modifying player; off his guard = p ph modifying was caught; off = prep; guard = op; his = adj modifying guard

7. are = v; stories = subj; well-known/exciting = pa; the/mythology = adj modifying stories

8. is = v; shoe = subj; well-worn/worthless = pa; that/old = adj modifying shoe; completely = adv modifying worthless

9. will climb/ (will) open = v; you = subj; door = do; the = adj modifying door; up the ladder modifying will climb/through the window modifying will climb/for me modifying will open = p ph; up/through/for = prep; ladder/window/me = op; the = adj modifying ladder; the = adj modifying window

10. are becoming = v; sentences = subj; longer/harder = pa; these = adj modifying sentences; with more concepts = p ph modifying sentences; with = prep; concepts = op; more = adj modifying concepts



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.

Friday, May 7, 2021

Lesson 190 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. Do you remember the name of the new senator from Utah?

2. Our work on the space shuttle requires all sorts of ability and knowledge.

3. The new rocket is troublesome for many nations.

4. Who painted the outside of this house before?

5. Wait for me outside.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. do remember = v; you = subj; name = do; the = adj modifying name; of the new senator modifying name/from Utah modifying senator = p ph; of/from = prep; senator/Utah = op; the/new = adj modifying senator

2. requires = v; work = subj; sorts = do; our = adj modifying work; all = adj modifying sorts; on the space shuttle modifying work/of ability and knowledge modifying sorts = p ph; on/of = prep; shuttle/ability/knowledge = op; the space = adj modifying shuttle

3. is = v; rocket = subj; troublesome = pa; the/new = adj modifying rocket; for many nations = p ph modifying troublesome; for = prep; nations = op; many = adj modifying nations

4. painted = v; who = subj; outside = do; the = adj modifying outside; before = adv modifying painted; of this house = p ph modifying outside; of = prep; house = op; this = adj modifying house

5. wait = v; you (understood) = subj; outside = adv modifying wait; for me = p ph modifying wait; for = prep; me = op



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, May 6, 2021

Lesson 189 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. A building in ancient Rome was destroyed accidentally by an old buried bomb.

2. The welcomed blue shadows stretched across the road and the park.

3. On a hill in Hawaii stands an old bunker.

4. Bill walked along the ridge of the mountain during the snow storm.

5. This down pillow like a foam one is really soft.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. was destroyed = v; building = subj; a = adj modifying building; accidentally = adv modifying was destroyed; in ancient Rome modifying building/by an old buried bomb modifying was destroyed = p ph; in/by = prep; Rome/bomb = op; ancient = adj modifying Rome; an/old/buried = adj modifying bomb

2. stretched = v; shadows = subj; the/welcomed/blue = adj modifying shadows; across the road and the park = p ph modifying stretched; across = prep; road/park = op; the = adj modifying road; the = adj modifying park

3. stands = v; bunker = subj; an/old = adj modifying bunker; on a hill modifying stands/in Hawaii modifying hill = p ph; on/in = prep; hill/Hawaii = op; a = adj modifying hill

4. walked = v; Bill = subj; along the ridge modifying walked/of the mountain modifying ridge/during the snow storm modifying walked = p ph; along/of/during = prep; ridge/mountain/storm = op; the = adj modifying ridge; the = adj modifying mountain; the/snow = adj modifying storm

5. is = v; pillow = subj; soft = pa; this/down = adj modifying pillow; really = adv modifying soft; like a foam one = p ph modifying soft; like = prep; one = op; a/foam = adj modifying one



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, May 5, 2021

Lesson 188 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. The defendant's lawyer was not available for comment.

2. Sherry, where have you placed my book of jokes?

3. I still live in that wood house near the railroad tracks.

4. The rooms of the office were old and musty.

5. I love everything about your idea for a party.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. was = v; lawyer = subj; available = pa; the/defendant's = adj modifying lawyer; not = adv modifying was; for comment = p ph modifying available; for = prep; comment = op

2. have placed = v; you = subj; book = do; Sherry = na; my = adj modifying book; where = adv modifying have placed; of jokes = p ph modifying book; of = prep; jokes = op

3. live = v; I = subj; still = adv modifying live; in that wood house modifying live/near the railroad tracks modifying house = p ph; in/near = prep; house/tracks = op; that/wood = adj modifying house; the/railroad =adj modifying tracks

4. were = v; rooms = subj; old/musty = pa; the = adj modifying rooms; of the office = p ph modifying rooms; of = prep; office = op; the = adj modifying office

5. love = v; I = subj; everything = do; about you idea modifying everything/for a party modifying idea = p ph; about/for = prep; idea/party = op; your = adj modifying idea; a = adj modifying party



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, May 4, 2021

Lesson 187 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. The man with his boxes of candy stumbled and collapsed.

2. The necklace was placed in the display case in the window of the jewelry store.

3. Those immense factories on the southwest side are changing our city.

4. The man in the first car is the new governor.

5. Many of the citizens had hated the plan from the beginning.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. stumbled/collapsed = v; man = subj; the = adj. modifying man; with his boxes modifying man/of candy modifying boxes = p ph; with/of = prep; boxes/candy = op; his = adj. modifying boxes

2. was placed = v; necklace = subj; the = adj. modifying necklace; in the display case modifying was placed/in the window modifying case/of the jewelry store modifying window = p ph; in/in/of = prep; case/window/store = op; the/display = adj. modifying case; the = adj. modifying window; the/jewelry = adj. modifying store

3. are changing = v; factories = subj; city = do; those/immense = adj. modifying factories; our = adj. modifying city; on the southwest side = p ph modifying factories; on = prep; side = op; the/southwest = adj. modifying side

4. is = v; man = subj; governor = pn; the = adj modifying man; the/new = adj modifying governor; in the first car = p ph modifying man; in = prep; car = op; the/first = adj modifying car

5. had hated = v; many = subj; plan = do; the = adj modifying plan; of the citizens modifying many/from the beginning modifying had hated = p ph; of/from = prep; citizens/beginning = op; the = adj modifying citizens; the = adj modifying beginning



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, May 3, 2021

Lesson 186 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), and objects of the preposition (op) in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. We are proud of our family and of their effort.

2. The dark colors from the accident stained everything by the road.

3. The teacher grabbed from her desk a new test for one of the students.

4. Into the police station staggered the wounded man.

5. The president of the company, Mr. Wright, is never wrong.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. are = verb; we = subject; proud = predicate adjective modifying we; of our family/of their
effort = prep phrases modifying proud; of/of = preposition; family/effort = objects of preposition; our = adj. modifying family; their = adj. modifying effort

2. stained = verb; colors = subject; everything = direct object; the/dark = adj. modifying colors; from the accident modifying colors/by the road modifying everything = prep phrases; from/ by = prepositions; accident/road = objects of preposition; the = adj. modifying accident; the = adj. modifying road

3. grabbed = verb; teacher = subject; test = direct object; the = adj. modifying teacher; a/new = adj. modifying test; from her desk modifying grabbed/for one modifying grabbed/of the students modifying one = prep phrases; from/for/of = prepositions; desk/one/students = object of preposition; her = adj. modifying desk; the = adj. modifying students

4. staggered = verb; man = subject; the/wounded = adj. modifying man; into the police station = prep phrase modifying staggered; into = preposition; station = object of preposition; the/police = adj. modifying station

5. is = verb; president = subject; Mr. Wright = appositive; wrong = predicate adjective; the = adj. modifying president; never = adv. modifying is; of the company = prep phrase modifying president; of = preposition; company = object of preposition; the = adj. modifying company



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, May 1, 2021

Quiz for Lessons 181 - 185 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View quiz on Daily Grammar
 
A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase. Notice that some prepositional phrases may be adverbs or adjectives because of their location in the sentence.
 
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.

1. The librarian took from her desk a new edition of one of the classics.

2. It was placed in the display case in the corner of the library.

3. Many books of mysteries and detective stories are found in the library.

4. One story about magic appears in our literature book.

5. This story contains clues to the solution of the mystery.

6. I have read many stories by Arthur Conan Doyle about Sherlock Holmes.

7. A wall of ancient Pompeii was discovered accidentally by an ordinary peasant.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The librarian took from her desk a new edition of one of the classics.
- from her desk modifies took (telling where)
- of one modifies edition (telling which)
- of the classics modifies one (telling what kind)

2. It was placed in the display case in the corner of the library.
- in the display case modifies was placed (telling where)
- in the corner modifies case (telling which)
- of the library modifies corner (telling which)

3. Many books of mysteries and detective stories are found in the library.
- of mysteries and detective stories modifies books (telling what kind)
- in the library modifies are found (telling where)

4. One story about magic appears in our literature book.
- about magic modifies story (telling what kind)
- in our literature book modifies appears (telling where)

5. This story contains clues to the solution of the mystery.
- to the solution modifies clues (telling which)
- of the mystery modifies solution (telling which)

6. I have read many stories by Arthur Conan Doyle about Sherlock Holmes.
- by Arthur Conan Doyle modifies stories (telling which)
- about Sherlock Holmes modifies stories (telling what kind)

7. A wall of ancient Pompeii was discovered accidentally by an ordinary peasant.
- of ancient Pompeii modifies wall (telling which)
- by an ordinary peasant modifies was discovered (telling how)



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at https://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, April 30, 2021

Lesson 185 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase. Notice that some prepositional phrases may be adverbs or adjectives because of their location in the sentence.
 
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.

1. Yesterday many people in Alaska suffered from the heat.

2. During the morning the family drove through the lovely mountains.

3. At noon we ate our lunch at the summit with great excitement.

4. Later our friends and we strolled down the wooded path.

5. The giant hole in the mountain is an unusual monument of our past.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Yesterday many people in Alaska suffered from the heat.
- in Alaska modifies people (telling which)
- from the heat modifies "suffered" (telling how)

2. During the morning the family drove through the lovely mountains.
- During the morning modifies drove (telling when)
- through the lovely mountains modifies drove (telling where)

3. At noon we ate our lunch at the summit with great excitement.
- At noon modifies ate (telling when)
- at the summit modifies ate (telling where)
- with great excitement modifies ate (telling how)

4. Later our friends and we strolled down the wooded path.
- down the wooded path modifies strolled (telling where)

5. The giant hole in the mountain is an unusual monument of our past.
- in the mountain modifies hole (telling what kind or which)
- of our past modifies monument (telling what kind)



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at https://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, April 29, 2021

Lesson 184 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase. Notice that some prepositional phrases may be adverbs or adjectives because of their location in the sentence.
 
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.

1. Do you have a reason for your absence from class?

2. The veterans from the war in Spain remained loyal.

3. The class was delighted by the outcome of the story.

4. Dozens of stories about heroes are in the school library.

5. In the afternoon Henrietta went to the library.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Do you have a reason for your absence from class?
- for your absence modifies reason (telling what kind)
- from class modifies absence (telling which)

2. The veterans from the war in Spain remained loyal.
- from the war modifies veterans (telling which)
- in Spain modifies war (telling which)

3. The class was delighted by the outcome of the story.
- by the outcome modifies was delighted (telling how or why)
- of the story modifies outcome (telling which)

4. Dozens of stories about heroes are in the school library.
- of stories modifies dozens (telling what kind)
- about heroes modifies stories (telling what kind)
- in the school library modifies are (telling where)

5. In the afternoon Henrietta went to the library.
- In the afternoon modifies went (telling when)
- to the library modifies went (telling where)



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