Monday, January 25, 2021

Lesson 116 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice.  
 
Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action.
 
Example: 
The boy kicked the ball 
 
Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.
 
Examples: 
The ball was kicked by the boy
The ball was kicked hard.


Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. 
 
Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective
 
Examples: 
The girl is Mary. (predicate nominative) 
The girl is cute. (predicate adjective) 
 
Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs. 
 
Examples: 
The bell rang suddenly. 
The girl knitted all evening. (There is no receiver of the action.) 
They were here. (no action or predicate nominative or predicate adjective)
 

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. The stadium roared with the cheers of the fans.

2. Bill was the captain of the ship.

3. A new dress will be needed for the dance.

4. Did Rulon forget his new title?

5. Chris has a new digital camera!


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The stadium roared with the cheers of the fans.
    - intransitive complete (no receiver of the action)

2. Bill was the captain of the ship.
    - intransitive linking (captain - predicate nominative)

3. A new dress will be needed for the dance.
    - transitive passive (passive voice, dress receives the action, doer omitted)

4. Did Rulon forget his new title?
    - transitive active (title receives the action and is the direct object)

5. Chris has a new digital camera!
    - transitive active (camera receives the action and is the direct object)


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at https://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, January 23, 2021

Quiz for Lessons 111-115 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View quiz on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, direct objects, interjections, and introductory there in these sentences.

1. Both the lady and the gentleman had proper manners and good etiquette.

2. My wife dusted the furniture and cleaned the floors.

3. There is no reason for this mess.

4. Where is the white tablecloth for the table?

5. Well, there are no more candles for sale.

6. The actress was still a very beautiful and lovely person.

7. My mother wanted both flour and sugar from the neighbor.

8. The student knew the answer and was sure of it.

9. The snow storm raged during the night and all day.

10. Jim caught and cleaned both fish quickly.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. lady, gentleman = subjects / had = verb / manners, etiquette = direct objects

2. wife = subject / dusted = verb / furniture = direct object // cleaned = verb / floors = direct object

3. There = introductory there / reason = subject / is = verb

4. tablecloth = subject / is = verb

5. well = interjection / there = introductory there / candles = subject / are = verb

6. actress = subject / was = verb / person = predicate nominative

7. mother = subject / wanted = verb / flour, sugar = direct objects

8. student = subject / knew = verb / answer = direct object // was = verb

9. storm = subject / raged = verb

10. Jim = subject / caught, cleaned = verbs / fish = direct object


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, January 22, 2021

Lesson 115 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb).  A verb shows action or state of being.  The subject tells who or what about the verb.  When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

     Example:
     The bell rang.
     Find the verb - rang
     Who or what rang?
     The bell rang, so bell is the subject.
     The bell rang.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.  It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb.  The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.

     Example:
     Mr. Johanson is a teacher.
     Mr. Johanson equals a teacher.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. Mutt and Jeff were old comic characters.

2. Ila scraped and rubbed the old tub for hours.

3. He hit the ball hard and ran to first base.

4. Do you have the ticket or the money?

5. Well, the television program had too much violence and gore.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. Mutt, Jeff = subjects / were = verb / characters = predicate nominative

2. Ila = subject / scraped, rubbed = verbs / tub = direct object

3. He = subject / hit = verb / ball = direct object // ran = verb

4. you = subject / do have = verb / ticket, money = direct objects

5. program = subject / had = verb / violence, gore = direct objects


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, January 21, 2021

Lesson 114 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb).  A verb shows action or state of being.  The subject tells who or what about the verb.  When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

     Example:
     The bell rang.
     Find the verb - rang
     Who or what rang?
     The bell rang, so bell is the subject.
     The bell rang.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.  It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb.  The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.

     Example:
     Mr. Johanson is a teacher.
     Mr. Johanson equals a teacher.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. Wow! There goes a yellow-bellied marmot.

2. Ferrets eat prairie dogs and have been reintroduced into some areas.

3. Some endangered animals are the cheetah, the meercats, and some marmosets.

4. My father and I cut and sawed the tree but never killed it.

5. You need more sleep and less television watching.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. marmot = subject / goes = verb

2. ferrets = subject / eat = verb / prairie dogs = direct object // have been reintroduced = verb

3. animals = subject / are = verb / cheetah, meercats, marmosets = predicate nominatives

4. father, I = subjects / cut, sawed = verbs / tree = direct object // killed = verb / it =
direct object

5. you = subject / need = verb / sleep, watching = direct objects


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, January 20, 2021

Lesson 113 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb).  A verb shows action or state of being.  The subject tells who or what about the verb.  When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

     Example:
     The bell rang.
     Find the verb - rang
     Who or what rang?
     The bell rang, so bell is the subject.
     The bell rang.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.  It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb.  The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.

     Examples:
     Mr. Johanson is a teacher.
     Mr. Johanson equals a teacher.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. In the woods the rain came down in torrents.

2. Jim will be waiting for you at the mall.

3. The reckless driver hit the deer and swerved into another car.

4. The policeman stopped to help and saved the man's life.

5. The men and women stopped and helped the lame horse and its rider.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. rain = subject / came = verb

2. Jim = subject / will be waiting = verb

3. driver = subject / hit = verb, deer = direct object // swerved = verb

4. policeman = subject / stopped = verb // saved = verb / life =direct object

5. men, women = subjects / stopped, helped = verbs / horse, rider = direct objects


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Lesson 112 - Parts of the Sentence - Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb).  A verb shows action or state of being.  The subject tells who or what about the verb.  When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

     Example:
     The bell rang.
     Find the verb - rang
     Who or what rang?
     The bell rang, so bell is the subject.
     The bell rang.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.  It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb.  The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.

     Example:
     Mr. Johanson is a teacher.
     Mr. Johanson equals a teacher.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. There has been a change in the schedule.

2. Who brought the cake and ice cream?

3. We saw and touched the baby panda at the zoo.

4. Larry was my best friend and married a girl from Las Vegas.

5. Oh, I lost my wallet and missed the bus for home.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. change = subject / has been = verb

2. who = subject / brought = verb / cake, ice cream = direct objects

3. we = subject / saw, touched = verbs / panda = direct object

4. Larry = subject / was = verb / friend = predicate nominative // married = verb / girl = direct object

5. I = subject / lost = verb / wallet = direct object // missed = verb / bus = direct object


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, January 18, 2021

Lesson 111 - Parts of the Sentence - Review


A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb).  A verb shows action or state of being.  The subject tells who or what about the verb.  When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

     Example:
     The bell rang.
     Find the verb - rang
     Who or what rang?
     The bell rang, so bell is the subject.
     The bell rang.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.  It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb.  The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.

     Example:
     Mr. Johanson is a teacher.
     Mr. Johanson equals a teacher.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. Our neighbors are from Australia.

2. Our best friends are visiting England.

3. Was Samuel ever in the army?

4. The basketball coach was a great example for the boys.

5. Was the circus a thrilling time for you?


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. neighbors = subject / are = verb

2. friends = subject / are visiting = verb / England = direct object

3. Samuel = subject / was = verb

4. coach = subject / was = verb / example = predicate nominative

5. circus = subject / was = verb / time = predicate nominative


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Saturday, January 16, 2021

Quiz for Lessons 106 - 110 - Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, direct objects, and predicate nominatives in these sentences. They may be sentences with direct objects, compound verbs with separate direct objects, predicate nominatives, or without either a direct object or predicate nominative.

1. Someone must have dialed my number by mistake.

2. They hung up quickly.

3. I hate phone calls.

4. The girl combed her hair and brushed her teeth for her date.

5. The boy and the girl love their dogs.

6. Joe should have been captain of the debate team.

7. The soldier cleaned and polished his rifle.

8. The girls fished for hours without a bite.

9. Today was the warmest day in years.

10. You must do your lessons correctly.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. someone = subject / must have dialed = verb / number = direct object

2. they = subject / hung = verb

3. I = subject / hate = verb / calls = direct object

4. girl = subject / combed = verb / hair = direct object // brushed = verb / teeth = direct object

5. boy, girl = subjects / love = verb / dogs = direct object

6. Joe = subject / should have been = verb / captain = predicate nominative

7. soldier = subject / cleaned, polished = verbs / rifle = direct object

8. girls = subject / fished = verb

9. today = subject / was = verb / day = predicate nominative

10. you = subject / must do = verb / lessons = direct object


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, January 15, 2021

Lesson 110 - Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. 
 
To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

     Example: 
     The car sped past.
     The car sped whom or what?
     Nothing answers the question, so the sentence has no direct object.

The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.

Direct objects may be compound. 

     Example:
     The car hit the tree and the fence.
     The car hit whom or what?
     Tree and fence answer the question, so tree and fence are the direct objects.
     The car hit the tree and the fence.

A sentence may have a compound verb with one direct object for both verbs. 

     Example: 
     The man mowed and raked the lawn
     The lawn received the action of being both mowed and raked by the man.
 
A sentence with a compound verb may have two different direct objects in it. 
 
     Example: 
     The dog ate the meat and drank some water
     The direct object for the verb ate is meat. 
     The direct object for the verb drank is water
     The dog didn't drink the meat or eat the water.

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, direct objects, and predicate nominatives in these sentences. They may be sentences with direct objects, compound verbs with separate direct objects, predicate nominatives, or without either a direct object or predicate nominative.

1. Jeanne was the chairperson of the dance committee.

2. The boys at the park played tag and ran races.

3. The baker cut and wrapped the bread.

4. The large round spaceship rose over the quiet city.

5. Jeff and Carl speak the same language.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Jeanne = subject / was = verb / chairperson = predicate nominative

2. boys = subject / played = verb / tag = direct object // ran = verb / races = direct object

3. baker = subject / cut, wrapped = verbs / bread = direct object

4. spaceship = subject / rose = verb / (There is no predicate nominative or direct object.)

5. Jeff, Carl = subjects / speak = verb / language = direct object


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, January 14, 2021

Lesson 109 - Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. 
 
To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

     Example: 
     The car sped past.
     The car sped whom or what?
     Nothing answers the question, so the sentence has no direct object.

The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.

Direct objects may be compound. 

     Example:
     The car hit the tree and the fence.
     The car hit whom or what?
     Tree and fence answer the question, so tree and fence are the direct objects.
     The car hit the tree and the fence.

A sentence may have a compound verb with one direct object for both verbs. 

     Example: 
     The man mowed and raked the lawn
     The lawn received the action of being both mowed and raked by the man.
 
A sentence with a compound verb may have two different direct objects in it. 
 
     Example: 
     The dog ate the meat and drank some water
     The direct object for the verb ate is meat. 
     The direct object for the verb drank is water
     The dog didn't drink the meat or eat the water.

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. The football player changed his clothes and took a shower.

2. The speaker read his speech and answered some questions.

3. The carpenter fixed the door and painted the house.

4. The little girl played the piano and sang a song.

5. My neighbor mowed his lawn and watered the flowers.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. player = subject / changed = verb / clothes = direct object // took = verb / shower = direct object

2. speaker = subject / read = verb / speech = direct object // answered = verb / questions = direct object

3. carpenter = subject / fixed = verb / door = direct object // painted = verb / house = direct object

4. girl = subject / played = verb / piano = direct object // sang = verb / song = direct object

5. neighbor= subject / mowed = verb / lawn = direct object // watered = verb / flowers = direct object


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, January 13, 2021

Lesson 108 - Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. 
 
To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

     Example: 
     The car sped past.
     The car sped whom or what?
     Nothing answers the question, so the sentence has no direct object.

The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.

Direct objects may be compound. 

     Example:
     The car hit the tree and the fence.
     The car hit whom or what?
     Tree and fence answer the question, so tree and fence are the direct objects.
     The car hit the tree and the fence.

A sentence may have a compound verb with one direct object for both verbs. 

     Example: 
     The man mowed and raked the lawn
     The lawn received the action of being both mowed and raked by the man.

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. The worker sanded and painted the bookcase.

2. The cat chased and caught the mouse.

3. Mike wrapped and sent the package.

4. Mother cooked and served the meal to everyone at the party.

5. The cowboy rode and broke the wild horse.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The worker sanded and painted the bookcase.

2. The cat chased and caught the mouse.

3. Mike wrapped and sent the package.

4. Mother cooked and served the meal to everyone at the party.

5. The cowboy rode and broke the wild horse.


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, January 12, 2021

Lesson 107 - Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. 
 
To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object.
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree. 
     The car hit whom or what? 
     Tree answers the question, so tree is the direct object.
     The car hit the tree

     Example: 
     The car sped past.
     The car sped whom or what?
     Nothing answers the question, so the sentence has no direct object.

The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.

Direct objects may be compound. 
 
     Example: 
     The car hit the tree and the fence. 
     The car hit whom or what?  
     Tree and fence answer the question, so tree and fence are the direct objects.
     The car hit the tree and the fence.

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in these sentences.

1. The students of these lessons have studied subjects and verbs.

2. The hungry man ate cake, pie and rolls continually.

3. John wants a bicycle and a wagon for Christmas.

4. Everyone at the party enjoyed the hamburgers, hot dogs, potato chips and drinks.

5. Grandma left her umbrella and coat at our house.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. students = subject / have studied = verb / subjects, verbs = direct objects

2. man = subject / ate = verb / cake, pie, rolls = direct objects

3. John = subject / wants = verb / bicycle, wagon = direct objects

4. Everyone = subject / enjoyed = verb / hamburgers, hot dogs, potato chips, drinks = direct objects

5. Grandma = subject / left = verb / umbrella, coat = direct objects


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.