Monday, November 13, 2023

Lesson 241 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals Review

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), objective complements (oc), conjunctions (c), and verbals in the following sentences.
If the word is a verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, verbals, or verbal phrases then tell what word they modify.
The actors performed there to entertain and to be seen.
(performed - v; actors - subj; the - adj modifying actors; there - adv modifying performed; to entertain/to be seen - vbl (adv infinitives) modifying performed; and - c)

1. I finally bought me a hearing aid to hear better.

2. Sometimes I just need to try again.

3. Having decided definitely, he stepped onto the train to leave home.

4. The person winning the lottery will have a different life.

5. You can only reach our place by crossing the river.

--For answers scroll down.


1. bought - v; I - subj; finally - adv modifying bought; me - io; hearing aid - do; a - adj modifying hearing aid; to hear - vbl (adv infinitive); to hear better - adv infinitive phrase modifying bought; better - adv modifying to hear

2. need - v; I - subj; sometimes/just - adv modifying need; to try - vbl (noun infinitive); to try again - noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object; again - adv modifying to try

3. stepped - v; he - subj; having decided - vbl (participle); having decided definitely - participial phrase modifying he; definitely - adv modifying having decided; onto - prep; train - op; onto the train - prepositional phase modifying stepped; the - adj modifying train; to leave - vbl (adv infinitive); to leave home - adv infinitive phrase modifying stepped; home - adv modifying to leave

4. will have - v; person - subj; the - adj modifying person; winning - vbl (participle); lottery - do to winning; winning the lottery - participial phrase modifying person; the - adj modifying lottery; life - do; a/different - adj modifying life

5. can reach - v; you - subj; only - adv modifying can reach; place - do; our - adj modifying place; by crossing the river - prepositional phrase modifying can reach; by - prep; crossing - vbl (gerund); crossing the river - op (gerund phrase); river - do to crossing; the - adj modifying river

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