Friday, July 30, 2021

Lesson 240 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun
 
Example: 
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.  
 
Examples: 
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverb
 
Examples: 
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives, or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.

1. You are difficult to understand.

2. Jack hopes to join the Army next month.

3. The Senate favors increasing taxes.

4. The broken lamp lay on the floor.

5. I saw him trying to open the trunk.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. You are difficult to understand.
- to understand (adverb infinitive) modifying the predicate adjective difficult

2. Jack hopes to join the Army next month.
- to join the Army next month (noun infinitive phrase) used as the direct object

3. The Senate favors increasing taxes.
- increasing taxes (gerund phrase) used as the direct object

4. The broken lamp lay on the floor.
- broken (participle) modifying the subject lamp

5. I saw him trying to open the trunk.
- trying to open the trunk (participial phrase) modifying the direct object him
- to open the trunk (noun infinitive phrase) used as the direct object to the verbal trying



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