Monday, July 26, 2021

Lesson 236 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals

View lesson on Daily Grammar 

A verbal is a verb form used as some other part of speech. There are three kinds of verbals: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.

A gerund always ends in ing and is used as a noun
 
Example: 
Eating is fun.

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly.  
 
Examples: 
played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be a noun, an adjective, or an adverb
 
Examples: 
to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten

Instructions: Find the gerunds, gerund phrases, participles, participial phrases, infinitives, or infinitive phrases in these sentences, tell what kind of verbal they are, and how they are used.

1. To see better, I got new glasses.

2. Sometimes I just need to do more.

3. Having changed his mind, he turned to go.

4. The team winning the match will be given new shirts.

5. You can go home only by crossing the street.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. To see better, I got new glasses.
- To see better (adverb infinitive phrase) modifying the verb got

2. Sometimes I just need to do more.
- to do more (noun infinitive phrase) used as the direct object

3. Having changed his mind, he turned to go.
- having changed his mind (participial phrase) modifying the subject he
- to go (adverb infinitive) modifying the verb turned

4. The team winning the match will be given new shirts.
- winning the match (participial phrase) modifying the subject team

5. You can go home only by crossing the street.
- crossing the street (gerund phrase) used as the object of the preposition



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a workbook format.

No comments:

Post a Comment