Monday, May 24, 2021

Lesson 201 - Parts of the Sentence - Conjunctions

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A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb).  Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.  There are two kinds: simple and correlative.

In these lessons simple co-ordinates will be referred to as co-ordinate conjunctions, and correlative co-ordinates will be referred to as correlative conjunctions.  The co-ordinate and correlative conjunctions should be memorized since they are common and few in number.

The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, nouns of address, adjectives, predicate adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, objects of the preposition, prepositional phrases, indirect objects, objective complements, and conjunctions in the following sentences. If there are any conjunctions tell whether they are co-ordinate or correlative conjunctions.

1. Jeff and Jim cut the grass.

2. Mr. Smith, our neighbor and friend, is visiting Africa.

3. Lindsay gave both Ila and me a surprise.

4. The rabbit hopped and skipped about in the yard.

5. The new manager will be either Bill or Fred.

--For answers scroll down.


1. and = co-ordinate conjunction; cut = verb; Jeff/Jim = subject; the = adjective

2. and = co-ordinate conjunction; is visiting = verb; Mr. Smith = subject; Africa = direct object; neighbor/friend = appositives; our = adjective

3. both/and = correlative conjunction; gave = verb; Lindsay = subject; surprise = direct object; Ila/me = indirect object; a = adjective

4. and = co-ordinate conjunction; hopped/skipped = verbs; rabbit = subject; the/the = adjectives; in = preposition; yard = object of the preposition

5. either/or = correlative conjunction; will be = verb; manager = subject; Bill/Fred = predicate nominative; the/new = adjectives

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