Tuesday, January 27, 2015

Lesson 92 - Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.

2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.

3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?

4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.

Instructions: Find the subject and verb in these sentences.

1. The programs are on the piano.

2. The kittens were under the straw stack.

3. He will be here soon.

4. The weather seems cooler.

5. The money must be on the table.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. programs - subject, are - verb

2. kittens - subject, were - verb

3. he - subject, will be - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb will)

4. weather - subject, verb - seems

5. money - subject, verb - must be (verb phrase using a helping verb must)

These verbs are all state of being verbs.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, January 26, 2015

Lesson 91 - Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.

2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.

3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?

4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.

Instructions: Find the subject and verb in the following sentences.

1. Karen went to the mall.

2. Carl didn't help his dad.

3. Mom cooks breakfast every morning.

4. I want a new bike for Christmas.

5. Ann has had a new baby girl.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Karen - subject, went - verb

2. Carl - subject, did help - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb did)

3. Mom - subject, cooks - verb

4. I - subject, want - verb

5. Ann - subject, has had - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb has)

These verbs are all action verbs.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 86 - 90 - Parts of Speech - Review

The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions: Identify what part of speech each word is in the following sentences.

1. After she cleaned the room, Mrs. Johanson asked me if I would move the furniture and take out the trash.

2. Yes, we arrived safely in Canada, and we enjoyed the visit with the grandchildren although the weather was really cold and cloudy.

3. A good score comes from a great deal of careful work and effort.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. After - conjunction, she - pronoun, cleaned - verb, the - adjective, room - noun, Mrs. Johanson - noun, asked - verb, me - pronoun, if - conjunction, I - pronoun, would - verb, move - verb, the - adjective, furniture - noun, and - conjunction, take - verb, out - adverb, the - adjective, trash - noun.

2. Yes - interjection, we - pronoun, arrived - verb, safely - adverb, in - preposition, Canada - noun, and - conjunction, we - pronoun, enjoyed - verb, the - adjective, visit - noun, with - preposition, the - adjective, grandchildren - noun, although - conjunction, the - adjective, weather - noun, was - verb, really - adverb, cold - adjective, and - conjunction, cloudy - adjective.

3. A - adjective, good - adjective, score - noun, comes - verb, from - preposition, a - adjective, great - adjective, deal - noun, of - preposition, careful - adjective, work - noun, and - conjunction, effort - noun.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, January 23, 2015

Lesson 90 - Parts of Speech - Review

The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions: In the following sentences tell the part of speech of each italicized word as used in the sentence.

1. Joe has been here since yesterday.

2. I will do what I can since you want it.

3. I looked behind for any cars.

4. Will you stand behind me?

5. That is a fine horse you have.

6. The policeman gave me a fine.

7. I will fine you for your action.

8. I shall mine the gold.

9. The coal mine was no longer used.

10. That coat is mine.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. since - preposition

2. since - conjunction

3. behind - adverb

4. behind - preposition

5. fine - adjective

6. fine - noun

7. fine - verb

8. mine - verb

9. mine - noun

10. mine - pronoun

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Lesson 89 - Parts of Speech - Review

The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions: In the following sentences tell the part of speech of each italicized word as used in the sentence.

1. We need to learn about our past.

2. Your friend just went past.

3. The past event will be remembered forever.

4. The fall colors are outstanding this year.

5. The leaves fall all over the ground.

6. The branches broke his fall from the tree.

7. The spring is full of mud.

8. Spring into action before it is too late.

9. Don't come near me!

10. Do you think he is near?


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. past - noun

2. past - adverb

3. past - adjective

4. fall - adjective

5. fall - verb

6. fall - noun

7. spring - noun

8. spring - verb

9. near - preposition

10. near - adverb

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Lesson 88 - Parts of Speech - Review

The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions: Identify what part of speech each word is in the following sentences.

1. Both the big girl and a small boy were happy with the results.

2. If you do not like it, the boss will speak with you tonight on the phone.

3. Whew! This weather is very warm for this time of year.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Both - conjunction, the - adjective, big - adjective, girl - noun, and - conjunction, a - adjective, small - adjective, boy - noun, were - verb, happy - adjective, with - preposition, the - adjective, results - noun.

2. If - conjunction, you - pronoun, do - verb, not - adverb, like - verb, it - pronoun, the - adjective, boss - noun, will - verb, speak - verb, with - preposition, you - pronoun, tonight - adverb, on - preposition, the - adjective, phone - noun.

3. Whew - interjection, This - adjective, weather - noun, is - verb, very - adverb, warm - adjective, for - preposition, this - adjective, time - noun, of - preposition, year - noun.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Lesson 87 - Parts of Speech - Review

The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions: Identify what part of speech each word is in the following sentences.

1. Neither Ila nor I knew that the baby had arrived already.

2. Yes, you can go with us to Canada tomorrow.

3. We will be driving together, but Mom won't return at the same time as we do.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. Neither - conjunction, Ila - noun, nor - conjunction, I - pronoun, knew - verb, that - conjunction, the - adjective, baby - noun, had - verb, arrived - verb, already - adverb.

2. Yes - interjection, you - pronoun, can - verb, go - verb, with - preposition, us - pronoun, to - preposition, Canada - noun, tomorrow - adverb.

3. We - pronoun, will - verb, be - verb, driving - verb, together - adverb, but - conjunction, Mom - noun, will - verb, not (n't) - adverb, return - verb, at - preposition, the - adjective, same - adjective, time - noun, as - conjunction, we - pronoun, do - verb.

Next Lesson

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, January 19, 2015

Lesson 86 - Parts of Speech - Review

We are going to review the eight parts of speech in the next five lessons. The eight parts of speech are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Verbs show action or state of being.

Nouns are the names of persons, places or things.

Pronouns take the place of nouns.

Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns and tell which, whose, what kind, and how many.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs and tell how, when, where, and how much.

Prepositions must have an object and show a relationship between its object and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections show feeling and are punctuated with either a comma or an exclamation point.

If you need further clarification on any of the parts of speech, see the Daily Grammar archives (http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html). Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.

Instructions:  Identify what part of speech each word is in the following sentences.

1. Wow! That must be a very hot fire.

2. He seemed sorry since he almost immediately apologized to us.

3. Mom wanted the answer, but we had had no reply from our daughter or son.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Wow - interjections, that - pronoun, must - verb, be - verb, a - adjective, very - adverb, hot - adjective, fire - noun.

2. He - pronoun, seemed - verb, sorry - adjective, since - conjunction, he - pronoun, almost - adverb, immediately - adverb, apologized - verb, to - preposition, us - pronoun.

3. Mom - noun, wanted - verb, the - adjective, answer - noun, but - conjunction, we - pronoun, had - verb, had - verb, no - adjective, reply - noun, from - preposition, our - adjective, daughter - noun, or - conjunction, son - noun.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, January 17, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 81-85 - Parts of Speech - Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank. There are two kinds: simple and correlative. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. I will refer to them simply as co-ordinate, correlative, and subordinate.


The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, and while.

Instructions: Find the conjunctions in these sentences, and tell whether it is co-ordinate, correlative, or subordinate.

1. If you have time, visit your sister while you are in Tucson.

2. The hurricane damaged not only North Carolina but also New Jersey.

3. The injured boy could neither walk nor talk.

4. Soccer and basketball are popular sports throughout the world.

5. The principal and the teacher were shocked, but they soon punished him.

6. She was arrested because she was both dishonest and corrupt.

7. As I said, you may have either this dog or the other.

8. Did you honk, or did I imagine it?

9. Although the storm passed, the clouds were dark and gloomy.

10. After the semester was over, my friend and I traveled to the Black Hills and Mount Rushmore.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. If (subordinate), while (subordinate)

2. not only-but also (correlative)

3. neither-nor (correlative)

4. and (co-ordinate)

5. and (co-ordinate), but (co-ordinate)

6. because (subordinate), both-and (correlative)

7. as (subordinate), either-or (correlative)

8. or (co-ordinate)

9. although (subordinate), and (co-ordinate)

10. after (subordinate), and (co-ordinate), and (co-ordinate)

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, January 16, 2015

Lesson 85 - Parts of Speech - Interjections

An interjection is a word or word group that shows feeling. A mild interjection is followed by a comma; a strong interjection is followed by an exclamation mark. Interjections are rather easy to understand so we will not spend much time on them.

Examples:

Well, we will soon be home.

Oh! I didn't know he had died.

Instructions: Find the interjections in these sentences.

1. Dear me! That is terrible.

2. Nonsense, you can do it.

3. Wow! You look gorgeous!

4. Sh! The baby is asleep.

5. Oh, what a beautiful baby you have.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. dear me

2. nonsense

3. wow

4. sh

5. oh

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, January 15, 2015

Lesson 84 - Parts of Speech - Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses (a sentence that must be attached to another clause to make sense) to independent clauses (a sentence that makes sense by itself).

Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, while.

Instructions: Find the subordinate conjunctions in these sentences.

1. If you don't mind, I will return in a week.

2. I am working hard because I want to succeed.

3. I will not be going north until the weather changes.

4. Unless you are correct about the trail, we will be lost in these mountains.

5. He can do this work better than I can.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. if

2. because

3. until

4. unless

5. than

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

Lesson 83 - Parts of Speech - Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Correlative conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank.

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

Instructions: Find the correlative conjunctions in these sentences and tell if they are joining words, phrases, or clauses.

1. I like neither the blue one nor the red one.

2. Both the man and his wife wanted not only the television but also the VCR.

3. Whether you like it, or you don't like it, I am going home.

4. Either you get the work done now, or I will get someone else to do it.

5. Both the letter to the editor and the response to it were gratifying.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. neither-nor (words) one and one - The adjectives "the blue" and "the red" don't change what is joined.

2. both-and (words), man and wife; not only-but also (words) television and VCR - Again the adjectives don't change the fact that you are joining words (nouns).

3. whether-or (clauses)

4. either-or (clauses)

5. both-and (words) letter and response - Leaving out the modifiers doesn't change the meaning of the sentence.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Lesson 82 - Parts of Speech - Conjunctions

Instructions: Locate the correlative conjunctions joining clauses in these sentences.

1. Either I heard someone knocking, or I thought that I did.

2. Whether you like it, or they like it, doesn't matter.

3. Both what I say, and what I do are important.

4. Not only will I do my best, but also I will do it correctly.

5. Neither had the man gone, nor was he going soon.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. either-or

2. whether-or

3. both-and

4. not only-but also

5. neither-nor

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, January 12, 2015

Lesson 81 - Parts of Speech - Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Correlative conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank.

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

Instructions: List the correlative conjunctions joining phrases in the following sentences.

1. You can go neither to the corn maze nor to the movie.

2. Not only in the movie but also in the book, the plot was outstanding.

3. I will wear either the gray coat or the brown sweater with this pair of pants.

4. I didn't know whether to correct him or let him learn the hard way.

5. I enjoyed both reading the book and seeing the movie.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. neither-nor

2. not only-but also

3. either-or

4. whether-or

5. both-and

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

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