Monday, March 30, 2015

Lesson 136 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive. Many mistakes are made in the use of nominative and objective case pronouns. Memorizing each list will help you use them correctly.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative.

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. (We will learn about indirect objects and objects of the preposition in later lessons.) (You and it are both nominative and objective case.)

Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their, and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Instructions: Choose the correct form of the pronoun and tell why you chose it.

1. (I, Me) went to the movie.

2. (Him, He) is my best friend.

3. (They, Them) will be here soon.

4. (She, Her) ran happily down the street.

5. There (we, us) went.

6. (Who, Whom) is it?


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. I - subject

2. He - subject

3. They - subject

4. She - subject

5. we - subject

6. Who - subject

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 131- 135 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Dr. Jensen, a brain surgeon, performed the complicated operation.

2. These parts of the sentence, an appositive and a noun of address, are sometimes confused, students.

3. My fellow citizens, our local paper, the Blab, covers the news well.

4. That mongrel, a shaggy-looking creature, is my dog Badger.

5. You should consult Dr. A. J. Hoyt, a skin specialist, sir.

6. You, my dear, will have my promise, a statement of honor.

7. For dinner I had my favorite dessert, strawberry pie.

8. Comrades, we are here in Russia once again.

9, Matthew, have you swum in the Pacific Ocean, Balboa's discovery?

10. Have you met my friend, Amy?


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. performed = verb (ta), Dr. Jensen = subject, operation = direct object, surgeon = appositive

2. are confused = verb (tp), parts = subject, appositive/ noun = appositives, students = noun of address

3. covers = verb (ta), paper = subject, news = direct object, Blab = appositive, citizens = noun of address

4. is = verb (il), mongrel = subject, dog = predicate nominative, creature/Badger = appositives

5. should consult = verb (ta), you = subject, Dr. A. J. Hoyt = direct object, specialist = appositive, sir = noun of address

6. will have = verb (ta), you = subject, promise = direct object, statement = appositive, dear = noun of address

7. had = verb (ta), I = subject, dessert = direct object, pie = appositive

8. are = verb (ic), we = subject, Comrades = noun of address

9. have swum = verb (ic), you = subject, discovery = appositive, Matthew = noun of address

10. have met = verb (ta), you = subject, friend = direct object, Amy = noun of address (If it were an appositive, it would have no commas.)

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Lesson 135 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed) Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object or predicate nominative.

We must be sure to not confuse nouns of address with appositives since they are both set off with commas.

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. My car, a Plymouth van, rolled over and over on the highway.

2. Class, please read chapter one, "Verbs."

3. Gentlemen, we must help our young people, the leaders of tomorrow.

4. Sarah, this is my brother Ken.

5. We are planning a trip for next summer, young lady.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. rolled = verb (ic), car = subject, van = appositive

2. read = verb (ta), you (understood) = subject, chapter one = direct object, "Verbs" = appositive, class = noun of address

3. must help = verb (ta), we = subject, people = direct object, leaders = appositive, gentlemen = noun of address

4. is = verb (il), this = subject, brother = predicate nominative, Ken = appositive, Sarah = noun of address

5. are planning = verb (ta), we = subject, trip = direct object, lady = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Lesson 134 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed) Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object or predicate nominative.

We must be sure to not confuse nouns of address with appositives since they are both set off with commas.

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Sam, where is that car, the Volvo?

2. Joe, that woman, Miss Clayson, is a famous newscaster.

3. Mr. Smith, our sponsor, is upset with our advertising, Helen.

4. Kids, I want you to meet our new neighbor, Ann Wise.

5. Everyone, we will watch the television program, "Memories."


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. is = verb (ic), car = subject, Volvo = appositive, Sam = noun of address

2. is = verb (il), woman = subject, newscaster = predicate nominative, Miss Clayson = appositive, Joe = noun of address

3. is upset = verb (tp), Mr. Smith = subject, sponsor = appositive, Helen = noun of address

4. want = verb (ta), I = subject, you = direct object, Ann Wise = appositive, Kids = noun of address

5. will watch = verb (ta), we = subject, program = direct object, Everyone = noun of address, "Memories" = appositive


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Lesson 133 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. General, your men are loyal soldiers and brave fighters.

2. There is no need for alarm, students.

3. Will he give the instructions again, Miss Jones?

4. Men and women, we must meet our goals to be successful.

5. Becky, the guests have already arrived.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. are = verb (il), men = subject, soldiers/fighters = predicate nominatives, general = noun of address

2. is = verb (ic), need = subject, students = noun of address

3. will give = verb (ta), he = subject, instructions = direct object, Miss Jones = noun of address

4. must meet = verb (ta), we = subject, goals = direct object, Men/women = nouns of address

5. have arrived = verb (ic), guests = subject, Becky = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Lesson 132 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Here, Mary, is a glass of water.

2. My fellowmen, there is no need for worry.

3. What happened to my car, Dad?

4. You, my friends, are so kind!

5. We have no more candy, Jeanne.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. is = verb (ic), glass = subject, Mary = noun of address

2. is = verb (ic), need = subject, fellowmen = noun of address

3. happened = verb (ic), what = subject, Dad = noun of address

4. are = verb (il), you = subject, friends = noun of address

5. have = verb (ta), we = subject, candy = direct object, Jeanne = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, March 23, 2015

Lesson 131 - Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Sir, may I speak with you for a moment?

2. Jeff, are you leaving tomorrow?

3. Listen carefully to the instructions, boys and girls.

4. Fred, Anna needs your assistance for the afternoon.

5. Please, Mr. President, accept our apologies.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. may speak = verb (ic), I = subject, sir = noun of address

2. are leaving = verb (ic), you = subject, Jeff = noun of address

3. listen = verb (ic), you (understood) = subject, boys and girls = nouns of address

4. needs = verb (ta), Anna = subject, assistance = direct object, Fred = noun of address

5. accept = verb (ta), you (understood) = subject, apologies = direct object, Mr. President = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, March 21, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 126 -130 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. Rome, the capital of Italy, is a very large city.

2. Have you ever visited Lagoon, our biggest amusement park?

3. The woman with the hat, the viola player, is my sister-in-law.

4. Those women are Elaine and Marilyn, my two sisters.

5. Mr. Gayle, our sponsor, will show you around.


Instructions: Combine the following sentences by using an appositive.

6. Mrs. Karren is greeting the guests. They are possible buyers.

7. Have you met our new foreman? He is the tall man in the coveralls.

8. Watch out for Main Street. It is a very slick road.

9. The Lewises provided the entertainment. They showed home movies.

10. The cargo was very precious. It was gold and silver.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. capital = appositive to the subject, Rome

2. amusement park = appositive to direct object, Lagoon

3. player = appositive to subject, woman

4. sisters = appositive to predicate nominatives. Elaine/Marilyn

5. sponsor = appositive to subject, Mr. Gayle

6. Mrs. Karren is greeting the guests, possible buyers.

7. Have you met our new foreman, the tall man in the coveralls.

8. Watch out for Main Street, a very slick road.

9. The Lewises provided the entertainment, home movies.

10. The cargo, gold and silver, was very precious.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, March 20, 2015

Lesson 130 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

You can make one smooth sentence from two short, choppy sentences by using an appositive. Example: Ila won the prize. It was a trip to Hawaii. Ila won the prize, a trip to Hawaii.

Instructions: Combine the following sentences by using an appositive.

1. Sonja sits beside me in English class. She is a girl from Poland.

2. On the deck are many plants. They are very colorful flowers.

3. There goes David. He is the owner of many businesses.

4. For dinner we had my favorite desserts. We had strawberry pie and cherry nut cake.

5. Last night I talked with Leon. He is my neighbor. He is my business partner.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Sonja, a girl from Poland, sits beside me in English class.

2. On the deck are many plants, very colorful flowers. / On the deck are very colorful flowers, many plants.

3. There goes David, the owner of many businesses.

4. For dinner we had my favorite desserts, strawberry pie and cherry nut cake. / For dinner we had strawberry pie and cherry nut cake, my favorite desserts.

5. Last night I talked with Leon, my neighbor and business partner.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Lesson 129 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

You can make one smooth sentence from two short, choppy sentences by using an appositive. Example: Ila won the prize. It was a trip to Hawaii. Ila won the prize, a trip to Hawaii.

Instructions: Combine the following sentences by using an appositive.

1. Yesterday I saw an exciting movie. It was called Goldeneye.

2. Mr. Jones will be with you shortly. He is the plant manager.

3. That woman is my neighbor. She is a well-known author.

4. Luis can do almost anything. He is a talented person.

5. Do you want to meet Barbara Jean? She is my lab assistant.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Yesterday I saw an exciting movie, Goldeneye. / Yesterday I saw Goldeneye, an exciting movie.

2. Mr. Jones, the plant manager, will be with you shortly. / The plant manager Mr. Jones will be with you shortly.

3. That woman, a well-known author, is my neighbor. / That woman is my neighbor, a well-known author.

4. Luis, a talented person, can do almost anything.

5. Do you want to meet Barbara Jean, my lab assistant? / Do you want to meet my lab assistant Barbara Jean?

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Lesson 128 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Appositives may be compound. Example: The two children, Wendy and Sam, are excellent students.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. Our leading scorer is Michael, the center and captain of the team.

2. These two students, Kay and Eric, are new to our school.

3. The doctor helped two patients, the boy with the broken leg and the girl with a burned arm.

4. Our neighbors, the Smiths and the Fehers, are moving next week.

5. James loves two games, checkers and chess.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. center/captain = appositives to predicate nominative, Michael

2. Kay/Eric = appositives to subject, students

3. boy/girl = appositives to direct objects, patients

4. Smiths/Fehers = appositives to subject, neighbors

5. checkers/chess = appositives to direct object, games

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Lesson 127 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. My brother Bill has a cabin in the mountains.

2. Friday, my birthday, will be the thirteenth.

3. Hopping on the fence was a rare bird, the cedar waxwing.

4. This is Fred, an old roommate of mine.

5. Have you seen my car, an old Rambler.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Bill = appositive to subject, brother

2. birthday = appositive to subject, Friday

3. cedar waxwing = appositive to subject, bird

4. roommate = appositive to predicate nominative, Fred

5. Rambler = appositive to direct object, car

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, March 16, 2015

Lesson 126 - Parts of the Sentence - Appositives

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) Examples: My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas) Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)

Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object, or predicate nominative.

Instructions: Identify the appositives in the following sentences and tell whether they are appositives to subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

1. The neighbor boys, the twins, were excellent baseball players.

2. The girl in the red dress is Sarah, our best actress.

3. Have you read Brothers, a book by Dean Hughes?

4. There goes Grant Long, the electrical contractor.

5. My friend, Matt Matson, collects lost hubcaps.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. twins = appositive to the subject, boys

2. actress = appositive to the predicate nominative, Sarah

3. book = appositive to the direct object, Brothers

4. contractor = appositive to the subject, Grant Long

5. Matt Matson = appositive to the subject, friend

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, March 14, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 121 - 125 - Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Instructions: Tell whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive active, transitive passive, intransitive linking, or intransitive complete.

1. The programs had been printed.

2. Jeff opened the door for his mother.

3. The parade began on time.

4. The weather has been very warm in November.

5. Mr. Johanson is an interesting person.

6. Winter lasts too long for me.

7. The beach was used by the entire town.

8. The apples had a sour taste.

9. Time passes rapidly during our vacation.

10. The jury made the right decision.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. had been printed - transitive passive

2. opened - transitive active

3. began - intransitive complete

4. has been - intransitive linking

5. is - intransitive linking

6. lasts - intransitive linking or intransitive complete

7. was used - transitive passive

8. had - transitive active

9. passes - intransitive complete

10. made - transitive active

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

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