Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Lesson 152 - Parts of the Sentence - Adjectives

Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.

There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) One should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.

Example of adjectives: The big brown bear grabbed the scared small man. The, big and brown modify the subject bear and the, scared and small modify the direct object man. Examples of a predicate adjective: The big bear is brown. The brown bear was big. Brown and big come after the linking verbs is and was and modify the subject bear.

Adjectives that point out what kind are most common and too numerous to list. Big, brown, scared, and small above are examples.

Instructions: Find the adjectives that tell what kind in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. The tall man is a professional baseball player.

2. That lovely old lady wrote realistic short plays.

3. A loud and noisy group greeted the returned missionary.

4. The small but strong man helped the cute little girl.

5. A tall slender girl won the beauty contest.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. tall modifies man, professional and baseball modify player

2. lovely and old modify lady, realistic and short modify plays

3. loud and noisy modify group, returned modifies missionary

4. small and strong modify man, cute and little modify girl

5. tall and slender modify girl, beauty modifies contest

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, April 20, 2015

Lesson 151 - Parts of the Sentence - Adjectives

Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.

There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) One should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.

Examples of adjectives: The big brown bear grabbed the scared small man. The, big and brown modify the subject bear and the, scared and small modify the direct object man. Examples of a predicate adjective: The big bear is brown. The brown bear was big. Brown and big come after the linking verbs is and was and modify the subject bear.

Adjectives that point out which include that, this, those, these, and the articles a, an, and the.

Instructions: Find the adjectives that tell which in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. These first apples have been stepped on.

2. This money had been lost at the races.

3. That cat had those kittens.

4. A mouse can scare an elephant.

5. An answer will be found in the dictionary or a thesaurus.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. these and first modify apples

2. this modifies money, the modifies races

3. that modifies cat, those modifies kittens

4. a modifies mouse, an modifies elephant

5. an modifies answer, the modifies dictionary, a modifies thesaurus

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 146 -150 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Curtis, has Jay found his lost keys?

2. There on the porch stood Badger, our lost dog.

3. Sunday, Ila, will be our anniversary.

4. Those two boys, Ivan and he, argue incessantly.

5. He needs more helpers, you and me.

6. Rebecca, why haven't you practiced your music?

7. Your car has been sold today, Todd.

8. In the plowed field some corn was planted.

9. Joe, my uncle, Al Brim, is a famous skater.

10. This matter should not be decided without much thought.


--For answers scroll down.










Answers:

1. has found = verb (ta), Jay = subject, keys = direct object, Curtis = noun of address

2. stood = verb (ic), Badger = subject, dog = appositive

3. will be = verb (il), Sunday = subject, anniversary = predicate nominative, Ila = noun of address

4. argue = verb (ic), boys = subject, Ivan/he = appositives

5. needs = verb (ta), he = subject, helpers = direct object, you/me = appositives

6. have practiced = verb (ta), you = subject, music = direct object, Rebecca = noun of address

7. has been sold = verb (tp), car = subject, Todd = noun of address

8. was planted = verb (tp), corn = subject

9. is = verb (il), uncle = subject, skater = predicate nominative, Al Brim = appositive, Joe = noun of address

10. should be decided = verb (tp), matter = subject

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, April 17, 2015

Lesson 150 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Instruction: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Eric and I were expecting someone, you.

2. She found them in New York, Colette.

3. Do you like her best, Justin?

4. The author might have been anyone.

5. Two people, you and he, must assist us in this effort.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. were expecting = verb (ta), Eric/I = subject, someone = direct object, you = appositive

2. found = verb (ta), she = subject, them = direct object, Colette = noun of address

3. do like = verb (ta), you = subject, her = direct object, Justin = noun of address

4. might have been = verb (il), author = subject, anyone = predicate nominative

5. must assist = verb (ta), people = subject, us = direct object, you/he = appositives

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, April 16, 2015

Lesson 149 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Neither the electrician nor his assistant had the right parts.

2. On the golf course Jim hit two trees and a sand trap.

3. For most people, life is a struggle.

4. The bus driver could hardly see the edge of the road.

5. Barbara, two groups, they and we, stayed to the end.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. had = verb (ta), electrician/assistant = subject, parts = direct object

2. hit = verb (ta), Jim = subject, trees/sand trap = direct objects

3. is = verb (il), life = subject, struggle = predicate nominative

4. could see = verb (ta), driver = subject, edge = direct object

5. stayed = verb (ic), groups = subject, they/we = appositives, Barbara = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Lesson 148 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. Mr. Hoyle introduced the speaker, a famous French educator.

2. Please answer the door, Fred.

3. Phil Clintock should not have been elected President.

4. No one enters my territory without permission and lives.

5. The rehearsal has been changed, Jessica.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. introduced = verb (ta), Mr. Hoyle = subject, speaker = direct object, educator = appositive

2. answer = verb (ta), you (understood) = subject, door = direct object, Fred = noun of address

3. should have been elected = verb (il), Bill Clintock = subject, President = predicate nominative

4. enters = verb (ta) / lives = verb (ic), no one = subject, territory = direct object

5. has been changed = verb (tp), rehearsal = subject, Jessica = noun of address

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Lesson 147 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. He signaled Rulon, his son-in-law in New Jersey, and informed him.

2. The alarm clock had been set in the evening.

3. Our special guest for tonight is Mr. McMillan, our honored mayor.

4. There will be a surprise present for the family.

5. A box of gold coins and precious jewels was recently found in our back yard.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. signaled/informed = verbs (ta), he = subject, Rulon/him = direct objects, son-in-law = appositive

2. had been set = verb (tp), clock = subject

3. is = verb (il), guest = subject, Mr. McMillan = predicate nominative, mayor = appositive

4. will be = verb (ic), present = subject

5. was found = verb (tp), box = subject

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, April 13, 2015

Lesson 146 - Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. That is such verbs as the helping verbs: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been; the sense verbs: look, taste, smell, feel, sound; and verbs like become, seem, appear, grow, continue, stay, turn.

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb is always an action verb. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. The predicate nominative or the direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase.

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object or predicate nominative.

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb. Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).

1. The man with an armful of presents tripped and fell.

2. Into the clearing staggered the wounded soldier.

3. The company president, Mr. Mabey, lost his temper.

4. Wilma, where did you put my book?

5. Shelley, Keats, and Byron are famous poets.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. tripped / fell = verbs (ic), man = subject

2. staggered = verb (ic), soldier = subject

3. lost = verb (ta), president = subject, temper = direct object, Mr. Mabey = appositive (possibly noun of address)

4. did put = verb (ta), you = subject, book = direct object, Wilma = noun of address

5. are = verb (il), Shelley/Keats/Byron = subjects, poets = predicate nominative



For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, April 11, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 141 - 145 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Instructions: Choose the correct form of the pronoun and tell why you chose it.

1. (Whom, Who) has she told?

2. Jim chose Ann and (I, me).

3. This is (she, her) speaking.

4. Could it have been (they, them) leaving there?

5. They never called (you and I, you and me).

6. Mother called (we, us) children for supper.

7. The cat groomed (its, it's) paw.

8. Is this shirt (yours, your's)?

9. The next turn is (ours, our's).

10. (Their, They're) house is the new one.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. whom - direct object

2. me - direct object

3. she - predicate nominative

4. they - predicate nominative

5. you and me - direct object

6. us - direct object

7. its - possessive pronoun

8. yours - no apostrophes in possessive personal pronouns

9. ours - no apostrophes in possessive personal pronoun

10. Their - possessive pronoun

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, April 10, 2015

Lesson 145 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, possessive.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative.

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. You and it are both nominative and objective case. Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes, but possessive nouns do. Do not confuse the possessive personal pronouns its, your, and their with the contractions it's (it is, it has), you're (you are), and they're (they are).

Instructions: Tell how each italicized pronoun is used in these sentences.

1. It surely was she.

2. Did you see it?

3. Was it you or he at the play?

4. No, it wasn't we.

5. They saw me at the same time.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. it = subject, she = predicate nominative

2. you = subject, it = direct object

3. it = subject, you = predicate nominative, he = predicate nominative

4. it = subject, we = predicate nominative

5. they = subject, me = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, April 9, 2015

Lesson 144 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, possessive.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative.

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. You and it are both nominative and objective case. Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes, but possessive nouns do. Do not confuse the possessive personal pronouns its, your, and their with the contractions it's (it is, it has), you're (you are), and they're (they are).

Instructions: Tell how each italicized pronoun is used in these sentences.

1. My choice would be he.

2. She helped us, Jeff and me.

3. You have visited him before.

4. The losers are you and he.

5. It could have been they.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. he = predicate nominative

2. she = subject, us = direct object, me = appositive to a direct object

3. you = subject, him = direct object

4. you = predicate nominative, he = predicate nominative

5. it = subject, they = predicate nominative

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

Lesson 143 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative. 

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. You and it are both nominative and objective case. Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes, but possessive nouns do. Do not confuse the possessive personal pronouns its, your, and their with the contractions it's (it is, it has), you're (you are), and they're (they are).

Instructions: Tell how each italicized pronoun is used in these sentences.

1. It must have been he.

2. Can you see her?

3. Whom did they send?

4. The drivers were we, Carl and I.

5. I gave it to my son.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. it = subject, he = predicate nominative

2. you = subject, her = direct object

3. whom = direct object, they = subject

4. we = predicate nominative, I = appositive to a predicate nominative

5. I = subject, it = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Lesson 142 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative.

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. You and it are both nominative and objective case. Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes, but possessive nouns do. Do not confuse the possessive personal pronouns its, your, and their with the contractions it's (it is, it has), you're (you are), and they're (they are).

Instructions: Choose the correct form of the pronoun.

1. Mom thinks this book must be (yours, your's). (Its, It's) not mine.

2. Is that (your, you're) car or (theirs, their's)?

3. (Its, It's) their turn, not (ours, our's).

4. Take all the clothes that are (yours, your's), but do not touch (theirs, their's).

5. (Its, It's) (hers, her's) not (ours, our's).


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. yours / it's (it is)

2. your / theirs

3. it's (it is) / ours

4. yours / theirs

5. it's (it is) / hers / ours

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, April 6, 2015

Lesson 141 - Parts of the Sentence - Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns. Personal pronouns have what is called case. Case means that a different form of a pronoun is used for different parts of the sentence. There are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive.

Nominative case pronouns are I, she, he, we, they, and who. They are used as subjects, predicate nominatives, and appositives when used with a subject or predicate nominative.

Objective case pronouns are me, her, him, us, them, and whom. They are used as direct objects, indirect objects, objects of the preposition, and appositives when used with one of the objects. You and it are both nominative and objective case. Possessive case pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their and theirs. They are used to show ownership.

Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes, but possessive nouns do. Do not confuse the possessive personal pronouns its, your, and their with the contractions it's (it is, it has), you're (you are), and they're (they are).

Instructions: Choose the correct form of the pronoun.

1. Our dog wagged (its, it's) tail for dinner.

2. (Your, You're) answer is right.

3. (Its, It's) been foggy all week.

4. This is (their, they're) first win.

5. (Your, You're) here on time!


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. its

2. your

3. it's (it has)

4. their

5. you're (you are)

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

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