Monday, August 3, 2015

Lesson 226 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)

A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.

Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase following the word it modifies.

1. The woman fed the pigeons. The woman was sitting on the park bench.

2. Jeanne finished the painting last month. The painting was hanging on the wall.

3. I really liked the blue sports car. The car was sitting in the showroom.

4. That man makes jewelry. He is getting into his car.

5. I carefully wrapped the package to be sure it was done correctly. The package was lying on the desk.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The woman sitting on the park bench fed the pigeons.

2. Last month Jeanne finished the painting hanging on the wall.

3. I really liked the blue sports car sitting in the showroom.

4. That man getting into his car makes jewelry.

5. I carefully wrapped the package lying on the desk to be sure it was done correctly.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, August 1, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 221 - 225 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles/Adjective Infinitives

Instructions: Find the infinitives, participles, and the participial and infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. My attempts to comfort the lost boy were useless.

2. Having been left behind, the puppy gave a whining howl.

3. The exhausted men were given the signal to start the march.

4. The admired musician wants a person to study with him.

5. The screaming fans cheered their fighting team.

6. The droning lecture caused the students' heads to nod.

7. Having finished our work, we now had time to play.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to comfort the lost boy modifies attempts; lost modifies boy

2. Having been left behind modifies puppy; whining modifies howl

3. exhausted modifies men; to start the march modifies signal

4. admired modifies musician; to study with him modifies person

5. screaming modifies fans; fighting modifies team

6. droning modifies lecture; to nod modifies heads

7. Having finished our work modifies we; to play modifies time

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, July 31, 2015

Lesson 225 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles/Adjective Infinitives

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)

A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adjective. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the participles and the participial and infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. The money lying on the dresser is yours.

2. The crying child awakened everyone.

3. The heavy package to be sent was quickly loaded.

4. Hearing the noise, the girl was suddenly afraid.

5. There are several things to be considered first.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. lying on the dresser modifies money

2. crying modifies child

3. to be sent modifies package

4. Hearing the noise modifies girl

5. to be considered first modifies things

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

Lesson 224 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Adjective Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adjective. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. Your idea to spend the day together sounds great.

2. Joe is the man to see about the job.

3. We have no reason to doubt your sincerity.

4. This must be the best route to take.

5. Your attitude is the best attitude to have.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to spend the day together modifies idea

2. to see about the job modifies man

3. to doubt your sincerity modifies reason

4. to take modifies route

5. to have modifies attitude

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Lesson 223 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)

A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the participial phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. The man running slowly still finished the race.

2. The boy having been scolded finally did his work.

3. The teacher, having retired, could now travel widely.

4. The soldier, having saluted his superior, continued on his way.

5. The truck swerving and sliding hit the brick wall.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. running slowly modifies man

2. having been scolded modifies boy

3. having retired modifies teacher

4. having saluted his superior modifies soldier

5. swerving and sliding modifies truck

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Lesson 222 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)

A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the participial phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. Taking my time, I hit the basket.

2. Shouting angrily, the man chased the thief.

3. Exhausted from the hike, Jim dropped to the ground.

4. Grinning sheepishly, the boy asked for a date.

5. Trying to open the gate, I tore my coat.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Taking my time modifies the subject I

2. Shouting angrily modifies the subject man

3. Exhausted from the hike modifies the subject Jim

4. Grinning sheepishly modifies the subject boy

5. Trying to open the gate modifies the subject I

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Lesson 221 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)

Instructions: Find the participles in these sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. The bike had a broken spoke.

2. Her smiling face made everyone happy.

3. The frightened child was crying loudly.

4. The people were frightened by the growling dog.

5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. broken modifying spoke

2. smiling modifying face

3. frightened modifying child

4. growling modifying dog

5. squeaking modifying wheel

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 216 - 220 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

Instructions: Find the noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. To sit in judgment is a difficult task.

2. To waste time in class is foolishness.

3. To party and to sleep in were his only faults.

4. My grandfather wanted only to build a home and raise a family.

5. Barbara hopes to be home soon.

6. His joys were to play soccer and to visit friends.

7. To save money for a rainy day is a good idea.

8. The man's goal was to go to college and to study law.

9. Everyone wants to be rewarded for one's efforts.

10. Our desire is nothing but to live happily.


--For answers scroll down.












Answers:

1. to sit in judgment = subject

2. to waste time in class = subject

3. to party/to sleep in = subjects

4. to build a home/(to) raise a family = direct objects

5. to be home soon = direct object

6. to play soccer/to visit friends = predicate nominatives

7. to save money for a rainy day = subject

8. to go to college/to study law = predicate nominatives

9. to be rewarded for one's efforts = direct object

10. to live happily = object of the preposition

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Friday, July 24, 2015

Lesson 220 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as a noun. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

The noun infinitive can be a subject (To eat is fun.); a direct object (I like to eat.); a predicate nominative (A fun thing is to eat.); an appositive (My hope, to travel, never happened.); an object of a preposition (I want nothing but to save.)

Noun infinitives can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a infinitive phrase. Example: To eat solid foods is hard for babies. "To eat" is the noun infinitive used as the subject of the verb is, and it has its own direct object "foods" with the adjective "solid," which together make up the infinitive phrase "to eat solid foods" serving as the subject of the sentence.

Noun infinitives may be compound. Example: I want to eat and to sleep. Sometimes the second to is left off. (I want to eat and sleep.)

Instructions: Find the noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. Everyone wants to enjoy life.

2. She likes to be admired.

3. Two bad habits are to smoke cigarettes and to drink alcohol.

4. To stop the car suddenly can be dangerous.

5. To cheat is a sign of weakness.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to enjoy life = direct object

2. to be admired = direct object

3. to smoke cigarettes/to drink alcohol = predicate nominatives

4. to stop the car suddenly = subject

5. to cheat = subject

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Lesson 219 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as a noun. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

The noun infinitive can be a subject (To eat is fun.); a direct object (I like to eat.); a predicate nominative (A fun thing is to eat.); an appositive (My hope, to travel, never happened.); an object of a preposition (I want nothing but to save.)

Noun infinitives can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a infinitive phrase. Example: To eat solid foods is hard for babies. "To eat" is the noun infinitive used as the subject of the verb is, and it has its own direct object "foods" with the adjective "solid," which together make up the infinitive phrase "to eat solid foods" serving as the subject of the sentence.

Noun infinitives may be compound. Example: I want to eat and to sleep. Sometimes the second to is left off. (I want to eat and sleep.)

Instructions: Find the compound noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. Your job will be to count the people and pass out the tickets.

2. To talk and visit in class can get you into trouble.

3. To eat, drink and make merry is not a good life style.

4. Small children like to play in sand piles and eat goodies.

5. Her wish, to travel and see the world, never happened.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to count the people/(to) pass out the tickets = predicate nominatives

2. to talk/(to) visit in class = subjects

3. to eat/(to) drink/(to) make merry = subjects

4. to play in sand piles/(to) eat goodies = direct objects

5. to travel/(to) see the world = appositives

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Wednesday, July 22, 2015

Lesson 218 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as a noun. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

The noun infinitive can be a subject (To eat is fun.); a direct object (I like to eat.); a predicate nominative (A fun thing is to eat.); an appositive (My hope, to travel, never happened.); an object of a preposition (I want nothing but to save.)

Noun infinitives can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a infinitive phrase. Example: To eat solid foods is hard for babies. "To eat" is the noun infinitive used as the subject of the verb is, and it has its own direct object "foods" with the adjective "solid," which together make up the infinitive phrase "to eat solid foods" serving as the subject of the sentence.

Noun infinitives may be compound. Example: I want to eat and to sleep.

Instructions: Find the compound noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. Their war aims, to kill the people and to destroy the nation, were not accomplished.

2. They wanted to score and to win the game.

3. The woman's hobby was to camp and to hike.

4. I only desired one thing, to forgive you and to forget our differences.

5. To see and to hear are highly developed senses in many animals.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to kill the people/ to destroy the nation = appositives

2. to score/ to win the game = direct objects

3. to camp/to hike = predicate nominatives

4. to forgive you/to forget our differences = appositives

5. to see/to hear = subjects

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Lesson 217 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as a noun. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

The noun infinitive can be a subject (To eat is fun.); a direct object (I like to eat.); a predicate nominative (A fun thing is to eat.); an appositive (My hope, to travel, never happened.); an object of a preposition (I want nothing but to save.)

Noun infinitives can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a infinitive phrase. Example: To eat solid foods is hard for babies. "To eat" is the noun infinitive used as the subject of the verb is, and it has its own direct object "foods" with the adjective "solid," which together make up the infinitive phrase "to eat solid foods" serving as the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the noun infinitive phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. We need to take them by surprise.

2. To restore old cars is expensive.

3. My wish, to visit the Grand Canyon, has happened.

4. The girl wanted nothing except to succeed in the class.

5. The Jazz's hope is to win the championship.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to take them by surprise = direct object

2. to restore old cars = subject

3. to visit the Grand Canyon = appositive

4. to succeed in the class = object of the preposition

5. to win the championship = predicate nominative

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Monday, July 20, 2015

Lesson 216 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Noun Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as a noun. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.

The noun infinitive can be a subject (To eat is fun.); a direct object (I like to eat.); a predicate nominative (A fun thing is to eat.); an appositive (My hope, to travel, never happened.); an object of a preposition (I want nothing but to save.)

Noun infinitives can have with them direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives or modifiers to form what is called a infinitive phrase. Example: To eat solid foods is hard for babies. "To eat" is the noun infinitive used as the subject of the verb is, and it has its own direct object "foods" with the adjective "solid," which together make up the infinitive phrase "to eat solid foods" serving as the subject of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the noun infinitives in the following sentences and tell how they are used.

1. To skate was his only desire.

2. I hope to enjoy retirement.

3. The team's desire is to win.

4. Most people want to marry.

5. Their terrible goal, to kill, failed.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. to skate = subject

2. to enjoy = direct object

3. to win = predicate nominative

4. to marry = direct object

5. to kill = appositive

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Saturday, July 18, 2015

Quiz for Lessons 211-215 - Parts of the Sentence - Verbals - Gerunds

Instructions: Find the gerunds and gerund phrases in the following sentences and tell how they are used (subject, direct object, predicate nominative, appositive, indirect object, or object of the preposition).

1. Cooking gourmet meals can be very expensive.

2. NASA likes shooting at the moon.

3. You need a rereading of the script.

4. Our only hope is taking them by surprise.

5. That man was known for sparing the rod.

6. You cannot do that, parking near a fire hydrant.

7. Our task, driving on that road, was very difficult.

8. Try doing it this way.

9. Just thinking of traveling in space excites many people.

10. I find relaxation in my gardening.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. cooking gourmet meals = subject

2. shooting at the moon = direct object

3. a rereading of the script = direct object

4. taking them by surprise = predicate nominative

5. sparing the rod = object of the preposition

6. parking near a fire hydrant = appositive

7. driving on that road = appositive

8. doing it this way = direct object

9. just thinking of traveling in space = subject/traveling in space = object of the preposition

10. my gardening = object of the preposition

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

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