Saturday, April 24, 2021

Quiz for Lessons 176 - 180 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View quiz on Daily Grammar
 
A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. A tree with sharp thorns grew beside the wall.

2. The airplane soared above the people on the field.

3. My uncle, the owner of the ranch, rode his horse past the house.

4. We followed the cougar by its tracks in the snow.

5. The bear tumbled over the fence and into some bushes.

6. Tons of wreckage were left after the tornado.

7. The highway wound over a hill and through a beautiful valley.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. A tree with sharp thorns grew beside the wall.
- with sharp thorns modifies tree (subject)
- beside the wall modifies grew

2. The airplane soared above the people on the field.
- above the people modifies soared
- on the field modifies people

3. My uncle, the owner of the ranch, rode his horse past the house.
- of the ranch modifies owner (appositive)
- past the house modifies rode

4. We followed the cougar by its tracks in the snow.
- by its tracks modifies followed
- in the snow modifies followed (telling where we followed it)
- or -
- in the snow modifies tracks (telling which tracks)

5. The bear tumbled over the fence and into some bushes.
- over the fence and into some bushes modify tumbled

6. Tons of wreckage were left after the tornado.
- of wreckage modifies Tons (subject)
- after the tornado modifies were left

7. The highway wound over a hill and through a beautiful valley.
- over a hill and through a beautiful valley modify wound


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Friday, April 23, 2021

Lesson 180 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. They are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. 
 
To decide which it is, say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. If there is no noun or pronoun to complete the phrase, the word is not a preposition.

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning.

Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. A number of javalinas appeared at the edge of the forest.

2. In the cage we saw a huge jaguar from the jungles of Brazil.

3. Everyone in the class finished the test at the same time.

4. The children were awakened by a sudden clap of loud thunder.

5. You can go to the Jazz game with us.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. A number of javalinas appeared at the edge of the forest.
- of javalinas modifies number (subject)
- at the edge modifies appeared
- of the forest modifies edge

2. In the cage we saw a huge jaguar from the jungles of Brazil.
- In the cage modifies saw
- from the jungles modifies jaguar (direct object)
- of Brazil modifies jungles

3. Everyone in the class finished the test at the same time.
- in the class modifies Everyone (subject)
- at the same time modifies finished

4. The children were awakened by a sudden clap of loud thunder.
- by a sudden clap modifies were awakened
- of loud thunder modifies clap

5. You can go to the Jazz game with us.
- to the Jazz game and with us modify can go


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Thursday, April 22, 2021

Lesson 179 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. They are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. 
 
To decide which it is, say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. If there is no noun or pronoun to complete the phrase, the word is not a preposition.

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

Instructions: Pick out the adverb prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. We are proud of the Jazz team and of their record.

2. The dark shadows stretched across the road and the park.

3. On the hill stands an old castle.

4. The employee came for his money.

5. Bill walked down the trail during the rain storm.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. We are proud of the Jazz team and of their record.
- of the Jazz team and of their record modify proud (predicate adjective)

2. The dark shadows stretched across the road and the park.
- across the road and the park modifies stretched

3. On the hill stands an old castle.
- on the hill modifies stands

4. The employee came for his money.
- for his money modifies came

5. Bill walked down the trail during the rain storm.
- down the trail and during the rain storm modify walked


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Wednesday, April 21, 2021

Lesson 178 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. They are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. 
 
To decide which it is, say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. If there is no noun or pronoun to complete the phrase, the word is not a preposition.

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

Instructions: Pick out the adverb prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. The boys jumped quickly over the wall.

2. The old dog is troublesome in many ways.

3. The pirate map was hidden underneath a big rock.

4. The family was waiting for us at the rest stop.

5. In the morning I will come for the plans.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The boys jumped quickly over the wall.
- over the wall modifies jumped

2. The old dog is troublesome in many ways.
- in many ways modifies troublesome (predicate adjective)

3. The pirate map was hidden underneath a big rock.
- underneath a big rock modifies was hidden

4. The family was waiting for us at the rest stop.
- for us and at the rest stop modify was waiting

5. In the morning I will come for the plans.
- in the morning and for the plans modify will come


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Tuesday, April 20, 2021

Lesson 177 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. They are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. 
 
To decide which it is, say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. If there is no noun or pronoun to complete the phrase, the word is not a preposition.

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

Instructions: Pick out the adjective prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. The book on the table in the English classroom is Barbara's book.

2. The girl in the neighboring house plays the flute every night.

3. Large blocks of the hardest granite formed the walls of the new building.

4. The roads of ancient Rome connected the cities of the empire.

5. I know that man in the gray suit and the suede shoes.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. The book on the table in the English classroom is Barbara's book.
- on the table modifies book
- in the English classroom modifies table

2. The girl in the neighboring house plays the flute every night.
- in the neighboring house modifies girl

3. Large blocks of the hardest granite formed the walls of the new building.
- of the hardest granite modifies blocks
- of the new building modifies walls

4. The roads of ancient Rome connected the cities of the empire.
- of ancient Rome modifies roads
- of the empire modifies cities

5. I know that man in the gray suit and the suede shoes.
- in the gray suit and the suede shoes modifies man


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.

Monday, April 19, 2021

Lesson 176 - Parts of the Sentence - Prepositional Phrases

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the preposition and object of the preposition.

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. They are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. 
 
To decide which it is, say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. If there is no noun or pronoun to complete the phrase, the word is not a preposition.

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.

A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective prepositional phrases together, one will follow the other. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.

Instructions: Pick out the adjective prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. Do you remember the title of the new book about morals?

2. Our work on the planning commission covers all kinds of ideas and concepts.

3. Those immense houses on the west side of town were built recently.

4. The man in the next room is the mayor.

5. Few of the citizens had ever seen that plan.


--For answers scroll down.











Answers:

1. Do you remember the title of the new book about morals?
- of the new book modifies title
- about morals modifies book
 
2. Our work on the planning commission covers all kinds of ideas and concepts.
- on the planning commission modifies work
- of ideas and concepts modifies kinds

3. Those immense houses on the west side of town were built recently.
- on the west side modifies houses
- of town modifies side

4. The man in the next room is the mayor.
- in the next room modifies man
 
5. Few of the citizens had ever seen that plan.
- of the citizens modifies few


For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.