Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence. Examples: John, where are you going? Where are you going, John? Where, John, are you going?
Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom and can't on the internet, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).
1. General, your men are loyal soldiers and brave fighters.
2. There is no need for alarm, students.
3. Will he give the instructions again, Miss Jones?
4. Men and women, we must meet our goals to be successful.
5. Becky, the guests have already arrived.
--For answers scroll down.
1. are = verb (il), men = subject, soldiers/fighters = predicate nominatives, general = noun of address
2. is = verb (ic), need = subject, students = noun of address
3. will give = verb (ta), he = subject, instructions = direct object, Miss Jones = noun of address
4. must meet = verb (ta), we = subject, goals = direct object, Men/women = nouns of address
5. have arrived = verb (ic), guests = subject, Becky = noun of address