A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which or what kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective phrases together, one will follow the other. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, and why and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences and tell what they modify.
1. A tree with sharp thorns grew beside the wall.
2. The airplane soared above the people on the field.
3. My uncle, the owner of the ranch, rode his horse past the house.
4. We followed the cougar by its tracks in the snow.
5. The bear tumbled over the fence and into some bushes.
6. Tons of wreckage were left after the tornado.
7. The highway wound over a hill and through a beautiful valley.
--For answers scroll down.
1. with sharp thorns modifies "tree"/ beside the wall modifies "grew"
2. above the people modifies "soared"/ on the field modifies "people"
3. of the ranch modifies "owner"/ past the house modifies "rode"
4. by its tracks modifies "followed"/ in the snow modifies either "tracks" (telling which tracks) or "followed" (telling where we followed it)
5. over the fence / into some bushes modify "tumbled"
6. of wreckage modifies "tons"/ after the tornado modifies "were left"
7. over a hill / through a beautiful valley modify "wound"