A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
The adjective clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause. The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a preposition which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames. Examples: The student whose hand was up gave the wrong answer. Whose hand was up is the adjective clause with whose, the relative pronoun, renaming and modifying student. Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidence. In whom I can place my confidence is the adjective clause with whom, the relative pronoun, with the preposition in between it and person, the word that whom renames and
Instructions: Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.
1. I like a leader who listens to his men.
2. The dog which I loved dearly was hit by a truck last night.
3. Rulon is a person who takes responsibility well.
4. All individuals who purchased tickets will be admitted.
5. The shirt that you bought me doesn't fit well.
6. The woman who baked the winning pie is my wife.
7. You called at a time when I was unable to answer.
8. Gayle is the one for whom you are looking.
9. Those who are willing to serve others will be rewarded.
10. One to whom much is given is expected to give much in return.
--For answers scroll down.
1. who listens to his men modifies leader
2. which I loved dearly modifies dog
3. who takes responsibility well modifies person
4. who purchased tickets modifies individual;
5. that you bought me modifies shirt
6. who baked the winning pie modifies woman
7. when I was unable to answer modifies time
8. for whom you are looking modifies one
9. who are willing to serve others modifies those
10. to whom much is given modifies one